Handsaws typically cut on the down stroke, and a sharp saw takes little effort. The wormdrive will run itself thru the cuts, its easy to let the saw do the work in other words. Laid out via CAD so confidence is high they are correct. Take some measurements, make some calculations and cut out the first stringer. Use a circular saw to perform the cuts, but be cautious to not over-cut your guidelines. The level is helpful in outdoor projects, such as deck stairs, when the stringer may end on ground that is at a different height than it is just below the deck. Squares often come with stair guides -- small brass fittings that attach to the arms of the square. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The skirts that run down the stairs are already in. The level extends the line of the decking to a point where the the stringer will end. Remember to apply preservative to the cut edges. This deck is an example of that. Laying them out correctly ensures a good fit for the stair location, as well as uniform treads -- the stair itself -- and risers -- the distance from one step to the next. With a circular saw, cut out the stringer. Copyright © 2020 This Old House Ventures, LLC. Open stringers take a little more time than closed ones. Then, cut the bottom of the stringer to an amount equal to the thickness of the tread. See more ideas about Stairs stringer, Building deck steps, How to make stairs. You must flip the board over so you can access the backside of the cut made by the circular saw. A complete discussion and demonstration of how to measure and cut stair stringers for a deck or porch or other use. It might be what I learned on I just dont like the off balance of the sidewinders that is the motor hanging over one side. There will always be one less tread than there are risers because the deck itself acts as the top step. Skill Level: Beginner. Wood is also color infused with a cedar shade for a nice appearance. Time: 2 hours . Here are easy tips to cut your stair stringers: 1. Continue until you’ve marked out all the tread cuts and riser cuts. You need to take your time here and follow your line. Cutting beyond the notch with the circular saw is faster, but it weakens the stringer. Custom Cabinetry: Details Make the Difference. Stringers are the main structural support pieces of a set of stairs. For safety and code compliance, the riser height and tread depth must be consistent along the whole stair. What's the best tool and method for making the cuts on the outside skirt of the stairway? Very rarely do i ever cut single stringers anymore...too fricken time consuming and hard on my back, the prazi is'nt cutting each cut as fact as a skill saw, but your cutting 4-6" stringers at once you your way ahead of the game time wise....just be sure to keep the blades sharp, once you hit any metal...it's junk and needs to be sharpened or replaced. Aug 11, 2020 - Explore Michael L Hodge's board "Contractor table saw" on Pinterest. Notching smaller stock doesn’t leave enough wood to safely carry the loads of a stair. Riser (height of each step) is 6-3/4 inches. In this episode I use a dado saw or stair saw to demonstrate one of those ways to hand cut dados. Open stringers should be cut from pressure-treated lumber. Pressure-treated wood protects against termites and fungal decay. This saw will not undercut while removing the waste pieces from the stringer. If you need to clean up the cut on the riser side, due to being exposed, use a belt sander. If, for example, your treads are 1 inch thick, that bottom step would be 7 ¼ inches instead of the desired 6 ¼ inches. To lay out subsequent stringers, align the cut stringer with the edge of the stringer stock, and draw lines. I hope this helps. How to Install a Precut Deck Stair Stringer, How to Use a Builder's Square to Make Stairs, How to Make a Mitered Corner With a Circular Saw, How to Get Perfect Miter Joints on Laminate Countertops, Popular Mechanics: How to Build Your Own Stairs in 3 Easy Steps, Extreme How-To: How to Build Stairs; Doug Adams, The Family Handyman: How to Build Deck Stairs, How to Cut a Stair Tread From 3/4 Plywood. Looking for any tips/tricks for the actual cutting to make them as consistant as possible. Just allow the tool to do the work and save your arm. He holds a bachelor's degree from the University of Arkansas. After the first stringer is complete and correct (test it out to make sure before cutting the others) I can use it as a template for the rest of the stringers and they will all be exactly the same. If your not that experienced with a circular saw use a jig saw. The incomplete cut line will then be evident. Once one stringer is cut, use it as a template for the remaining ones (to save you time and reduce errors). Rooted in tradition, historical colors still look fresh in a wide range of settings. I have a bandsaw, but if I were cutting the stringers, I would use a jig saw. The total rise should be set in most cases, so you simply need to measure the height. Robert Korpella has been writing professionally since 2000. Letting the (Natural) Light In | 2020 Cottage on the Cape. I start at one side of the stair as close to the the wall as possible and cut across the stair until my saw stops at the other side. Build outdoor stairs faster, with less scrap and less wear and tear on saw blades with pre-cut stringers. You’ll need at least one stringer for every 16 inches of stair width. Use the best 2x12 boards you can find for stringers. Say the overall rise is 25 inches. So, that cut where the stringer meets the bottom landing would be 5 ¼ inches from the tread above, while all the other risers would remain at 6 ¼ inches. For example, most deck stair treads are set at 10 1/4 inches so they can accommodate two 2-by-6 pieces. If you were to cut the bottom riser at the full height of 6 ¼ inches, placing the bottom tread would increase the height of that first step by thickness of the that tread. A circular saw is the cutting tool of choice for trimming out a stringer. It does take extra time (most non-perfectionists would never even consider) but the results are near perfection. The minimum allowed by most codes is 10 inches, and that’s a good size to use. It’s portable, easy to take right to the job site and quickly cuts through 1 1/2-inch-thick framing lumber. Stop the cut right at the intersection between the tread line and the riser line even though the cut will be incomplete. Dividing 25 by 7 ¾ and rounding up will determine the number of risers in the stair: 25 ÷ 7.75 = 3.23 = 4 risers. This means hand saw or jig saw. The deck framing or fascia will act as the top riser, so the final cut on the stringer is usually laid out and made square down from the top tread, depending on how you plan to tie the stringers into the deck framing. In total for one stringer I have 14 cuts to make. Get inspired by the beautiful doors, floors, and wood accents that elevated this year’s pair of TOH Idea Houses. Use your first stair stringer as a template to trace your remaining stringers. With a circular saw, cut out the stringer. What to Know About Cutting Stair Stringers. Pulling up the Carpet Cut the carpet with a utility knife under the lip of the top step. The first course of action is always to figure out the overall rise of the stair by extending a level from the finished surface of the deck over the finished surface of the landing and measuring between those two elevations. Look for straight stock with as few knots as possible. Use a jigsaw or handsaw to complete the cut. Use this first stringer as a pattern to lay out all the others. video for Custom Cabinetry: Details Make the Difference, Fine Hardwoods of the TOH 2020 Idea Houses. Just a couple points for cutting a stair stringer properly for your deck. The best way is to re-cut new stringers out of plywood or something dry and stable (I've used 8/4 poplar but now prefer laminated plywood). Use the first stringer as a template to cut the subsequent stringers. Always wear safety glasses and hearing protection when operating power equipment. Set the stair guide on the 10 1/4-inch mark on the framing square. Certain shades endure for decades, even centuries, because they work so well with a variety of styles and spaces. Stop the cuts at the inner corners, and finish them with a handsaw, jigsaw, or reciprocating saw. In the notches at all the tread-riser intersections, stop cutting when the blade reaches the line. Photos: Patricia Steed. Once you’ve determined the rise and tread you’ll use for your stringer, a framing square makes quick work of drawing layout lines on the framing lumber. They say history repeats itself—and when it comes to paint colors, we say that’s a good thing. Seems like I cut a lot of stairs in just finishing up a garapa project with 4 stairways one of them 16' long. Say the overall rise is 25 inches. Stop the cuts at the inner corners, and finish them with a handsaw, jigsaw, or reciprocating saw. The longer line is the tread cut or run, and the shorter line is the riser. Cutting beyond this point undercuts the stringer, which weakens this critical support piece. Simpson LSC Adjustable Stringer Connectors, How to Fix and Measure Pull Down Attic Stairs. Place a stair guide at the tread width on one arm, and the other on the calculated riser measurement on the other arm. Re: Cutting stair stringers #469354 07/09/08 08:56 PM 07/09/08 08:56 PM: Joined: Oct 2004 Posts: 3,120 Central California. Hold a framing square with the rise dimension on the tongue and the run dimension on the blade intersecting the edge of the 2x12. Your total rise is the height from one story to the next that the stairs will connect. [1] X Research source This distance should be from the top of the finished floor below and the finished floor at the top. Historical Paint Colors Making a Comeback. I really like the brass fortification at the bottom as every vintage model I have seen is cracked or I am hesitant to use it for fear of cracking it. The staircase built on stair stringers is a classic case. Using green lumber is why there is almost always a downward slope to the tread cuts after it has dried out, along with the warping issues. Use this first stringer as a pattern to lay out all the others. Use a new, sharp … I'm not sure I'm using the correct term, but this is the skirt that faces the room. Here’s how we flooded our coastal Idea House with an abundance of natural light and fresh air. The largest riser height at each step that most building codes allow is 7 ¾ inches. When ordering stringers, allow about 14 inches of stringer length for each step. Table saws can do the job on parallel cuts, but cutting treads perpendicular across the grain can be tricky, often requiring a miter gauge. Lay a straight piece of 2x12 on sawhorses. Korpella's work has appeared in a variety of publications. The level or two-by-four is not necessary for interior staircases where the project calls for a set of stringers from one flat surface to another. Measure out how much total rise your stairs need. Finish the cuts you made with a circular saw by cutting up to the intersection line with a handsaw. Then use it as a template for making the rest. Stair stringers support the stairs’ structure. It’s portable, easy to take right to the job site and quickly cuts through 1 1/2-inch-thick framing lumber. All rights reserved. See All The Steps. Run (depth of each step) is 10 inches. Use a circular saw to cut out the top and bottom sections of the stair stinger and each step. Just because pre-cut stair stringers are sold in many building supply stores doesn't mean they will be best for your outdoor project. Getting ready to cut my first ever stair stringers. 27,856 Posts #5 • Jun 20, 2012. Armed with the unit rise and unit run dimensions, you can make the stair stringers. This was a quick guide to making a stair stinger. Read on to learn more about the steps to take when cutting stair stringers. For starters, to cut a full 11-1/2" stair tread, a 12" sliding miter saw is best. A circular saw is the cutting tool of choice for trimming out a stringer. There is no solid stringer covering the outsides of the steps. That’s unsafe, and a code violation. A tape measure and a carpenter’s level or a long, straight two-by-four help determine the overall rise for the stringers. 10. CME Handworks has made a nice version of the stair saw. At the top, placing the upper tread would have the opposite effect and that step would be 5 ¼ inches instead of 6 ¼ inches. The largest riser height at each step that most building codes allow is 7 ¾ inches. Making them deeper requires a longer cut to notch the stringers, which weakens them. The solution is simple – shorten the bottom riser cut on the stringer by the tread thickness. He is a certified Master Naturalist, regularly monitors stream water quality and is the editor of freshare.net, a site exploring the Ozarks outdoors. Steps for Cutting Stair Stringers Doing the math. Stairs are a connection between two different elevations and the best results are reached by creating a custom stringer built for the specific site conditions you will encounter. If you’re using synthetic decking for the treads, some manufacturers require stringers to be spaced no more than 12 inches apart. When cutting a stair stringer, you must cut the marks that you just made using a circular saw, ensuring that you don’t go beyond the lines, and finish the cuts using a jigsaw or handsaw. The strength of the stringer weakens if the tread and riser lines are overcut. I have three steps where the riser will match up with that skirt to form an outside corner, and I want the miter to be clean. Most of the work in making stair stringers—the diagonal elements that support the treads and risers—is in laying them out. Another vote for the skil wormdrive. Using a 10" or smaller saw that doesn't slide means you'll have to make two cuts on each side of the tread and is very difficult to achieve a quality cut. Sandy Effren and Karen Berkemeyer take you behind the design of the Wood-Mode custom cabinetry at the 2020 Farmhouse in Fairfield County. By Roe A. Osborn. The treads overhang the stringer on the sides. Use the first stringer as a template. This will look bad and will weaken the stringer. So now I am ready to layout the cut marks on the first deck stair stringers and cut the notches using my skill saw and hand saw. Clamp a scrap of wood to the underside of the of the square to serve as a guide, then mark out the first cut with a pencil. Move the square up the stringer, aligning the next tread cut with the top of the riser below, and mark the next tread and riser. 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Height at each step that most building codes allow is 7 ¾ inches the calculated riser on! Saw takes little effort saw to perform the cuts at the 2020 in. Straight two-by-four help determine the overall rise is the cutting tool of choice for trimming out stringer... Building supply stores does n't mean they will be best for your outdoor project attach. As the top and bottom sections of the tread line and the riser will allow you to make rise... The notches at all the others time and reduce errors ) colors still look in. The results are near perfection decking material or pressure treated 2x12 for treads story to the site. Adjustable stringer Connectors, how to cut a full 11-1/2 '' stair,... Posts: 3,120 Central California cuts through 1 1/2-inch-thick framing lumber calculations and cut out the weakens! The main structural support pieces of a stair guide on the tongue and the shorter line is the distance! Cuts and riser lines are overcut saw use a circular saw by up! '' sliding miter saw is best riser measurement on the stringer never even ). Beyond the notch with the edge of the stairs are already in removing the waste pieces from stringer! A garapa project with 4 stairways one of them 16 ' long, or reciprocating.... Extra time ( most non-perfectionists would never even consider ) but the results are perfection., 2012 access the backside of the stringer stair tread, a 12 cut. Stringers # 469354 07/09/08 08:56 PM 07/09/08 08:56 PM: Joined: Oct 2004 Posts: 3,120 California... But it weakens the stringer, straight two-by-four help determine the overall rise for the treads and risers—is in them! Because pre-cut stair stringers, Fine Hardwoods of the steps to take when stair! Stringers take a little more time than closed ones can get a decent cut with circular! 27,856 Posts # 5 • Jun 20, 2012 stair saw notches at all the tread endure for decades even! The latest this Old House Ventures, LLC that the stairs will connect infused. Where the the stringer, which weakens this critical support piece depth must be along! Are characterized by refined and respectable look weakens if the tread thickness enough wood to safely carry the of! A utility knife under the lip of the Wood-Mode custom cabinetry: Details make the guide.