Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502. 1998 - Miguel Angel Rodriguez (PUSC) elected president. 1986 - Oscar Arias Sanchez (PLN) elected president on a neutral platform. 1994 - Jose Maria Figueres Olsen (PLN) elected president. In the first round, they broke free from the rule of Spain. 29 May 1959. A trip to Costa Rica also lets you discover pristine national parks, ensuring plenty of chances to view wildlife from the comfort of eco-friendly lodges packed with amenities even ardent nature lovers secretly desire. Costa Rica’s indigenous history is not as prominent as it is in other Latin American cultures or even others just in Central America. The first came in 1855 with the arrival of William Walker. Maribel Guardia. 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. It lasted for 44 days (from 12 March to 24 April 1948), during which approximately 2,000 people are believed to have died. Costa Rica achieved independence in 1821 but was absorbed for two years by Agustín de Iturbide in his Mexican empire. The Chorotega people actually used the bean as currency up until the 1930s. Costa Rica already existed. The freshly earned independence and road to democracy was to receive a couple more blows before reaching stability. This means that Costa Rica … 2002 April - Abel Pacheco of the ruling Social Christian Unity Party wins a comfortable 58% of the vote in the second round of presidential elections. The Costa Rican Civil War was the bloodiest event in 20th-century Costa Rican history. In the last twenty years, eco-tourism and technology have taken off and become top-earning industries in the country. The people famous in Costa Rica are people of repute who have strived hard to be the pride of the people of Costa Rica. 2008 November - Chinese President Hu Jintao makes highest-level visit by a Chinese official since Costa Rica ended diplomatic relations with Taiwan in 2007. This section details everything related to the Costa Rican government including: the political structure, current president, major political parties, and special interest groups.To stay current, be sure to check out political news & updates, labor laws, and environmental laws.. Brief Political History. These events were followed by an era of peace and prosperity until 1917, when fro two years General Federico Tinoco Granados had power as a military dictator. Even in that short time, this celebration has become one of the biggest in Costa Rica, seeing more than a million people in attendance. A Little History. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. A chronology of key events in the history of Costa Rica, from the arrival of the Christopher Columbus to the present At the event, 50 to 100 fighters enter the bullring. The President of Costa Rica at the time of William Walker’s arrival, JuanRafael Mora, brought together a makeshift army of peasants to fight the much more heavily armed enemy. 1874 - US businessman Minor Cooper Keith introduces banana cultivation and starts the United Fruit Company. Costarica History. As with most native tribes, their numbers are dwindling as their traditions and lands are usurped by modern societies. Key dates in Costa Rica's history: ... image caption Eco-tourism is important for Costa Rica's economy. Today, Costa Rica is one of the most peaceful and prosperous countries in Latin America. Later in 1948, Jose Figueres started a civil war in which 2000 people died; the war only lasted 44 days and was the bloodiest event ever to take place in Costa Rica. Columbus Lands. The Top 20 Tourist Attractions in Costa Rica Unknown Costa Rica: 8 Secret Places to Visit 10 Incredible Surf Spots in Costa Rica Costa Rica: Pura Vida The Best Beaches in Central America ABOUT US Cookies Travel. Arrange all the small, but important details of your Costa Rica trip itinerary using our Costa Rica … Costa Rica has been inhabited as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people. Language: Spanish Main religion: Catholic Ethnic Makeup: Spanish, Italian, German, Jewish, Polish, Creole English, Jamaican, Atlantic slave, and indigenous descendants History Back in the 16th century, when the Spanish explorers arrived in what today is called Costa Rica, all they found was a region scarcely populated by several poorly organized tribes. 28 June 1991. The young Juan Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort. 1987 - Leaders of Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras sign peace plan devised by Oscar Arias Sanchez, who in turn wins the Nobel Peace Prize for the plan. It is here that the enemy made their mistake; Walker and his army took protection in a wooden fort. It wasn't an easy country to conquer, largely due to its varied terrain and the lack of valuable mineral resources. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by 800 AD. March 19. There is every reason to be optimistic about the future of Costa Rica. We highly recommend it if you’re interested in experiencing the Costa Rican Catholic aspect or to visit a less touristic area. Costa Rica - Costa Rica - People: Nearly four-fifths of Costa Rica’s population is of European descent, and, as a result, Costa Rica has the largest percentage of people of Spanish descent in Central America. It's not really a bullfight. Simple statistics cannot do justice to Costa Rica’s friendly people, stunning terrain, rich lands, and long history. [3] In Costa Rica, nearly all Catholic churches face west. Costa Rica History, Language and Culture History of Costa Rica. Which they didn’t. 1968 - Arenal volcano erupts, causing many casualties. Why they disappeared is still unknown. 31 July 1976. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. They keep their maiden name for life along with their mother’s maiden name. There were many migrations and influences from the Aztecs of Mexico to the Mayas and the Incas of Peru. pop. Historical events from year 1502. At the time, about 400,000 ... Costa Rica's First Successful Colony. 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. Costa Rica kŏs´tə rē´kə [key], officially Republic of Costa Rica, republic (2015 est. 18 August 1985. The history of Cartago is surprisingly more impressive than that of the capital, San Jose, since it's much older and also the original capital of Costa Rica. Costa Rica ; Top Stories. It pales in comparison to nearby Cartago and is a thoroughly modernised centre of industry today. 1982 - Luis Alberto Monge (PLN) elected president and introduces harsh austerity programme. You see evidence of the indigenous influences in arts and crafts available throughout Costa Rica in the form of handcrafted ceramics, ornaments, and jewelry. Important information, general facts like geography and demographics, famous people, languages, and history of Costa Rica. Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticosmanaged to do it without bloodshed or revolution. Mr Solis concedes defeat after a manual count and legal challenges. However, it is Costa Rica's largest city and retains a number of monuments of yesteryear, … In the second round, they achieved full independence within Central America. Costa Rica Independence The Most important part of Costa Rican History. But the facts do paint a colorful picture of this Central American nation, where democracy has prevailed for more than 60 years , Catholicism is the state religion, the government is stable, and the environment is of great importance. A myriad of historical sites and subsequent ruins, containing a somewhat preserved city centre, are scattered about the area. Video: Costa Rica a Ecotourism. The Costa Rican Timeline provides a record of events in the order of their occurrence. The Valle Central, with more than half the country’s population, is the most predominantly Spanish region in both its manner of living and its ancestry. Since that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers’ rights. Achieving Costa Rica Independence was one of the most important events... Freedom for Spain. The most prominent indigenous tribes are the Bribris, the Borucas, the Cabecares, the Huetares, the Malekus and the Chorotegas. 1989-04-30 US beats Costa Rica 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup. Costa Rican culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous heritage and Spanish colonial influence, with a dash of Jamaican, Chinese, and other immigrant cultures lending character and customs. 1823 - Costa Rica joins the United Provinces of Central America, which also embraces El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Sep 18, 1502, The Discovery of Costa Rica Sep 22, 1980, Depression Apr 24, 1944, Coming Back Home Oct 10, 1665, Piracy! You don’t need a ton of time in the city, you can spend just one or two days. Related Topics. 2010 February - Costa Rica elects first woman president, Laura Chinchilla, who takes office in May. The Costa Rican farmers hadthe more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention. News about Costa Rica, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. However, this lasting peace was the result of a dark period in Costa Rica's history - the civil war of 1948. 1561 - Spain's Juan de Cavallon leads the first successful colonisers into Costa Rica. 1561 - Spain's Juan de Cavallon leads the first successful colonisers into Costa Rica. Costa Rica kŏs´tə rē´kə [key], officially Republic of Costa Rica, republic (2015 est. However industry in Costa Rica is developing rapidly. Costa Rican footballer. Visit this site for this Costa Rican Timeline detailing Key historical dates and events. 2004 July - Three Chilean diplomats are killed by a security guard at their embassy in San Jose. History . 1502 - Christopher Columbus visits the area, naming it Costa Rica, (Rich Coast), but disease and resistance by the local population delay the establishment of a permanent settlement for nearly 60 years. 1974 - Daniel Oduber (PLN) elected president and pursues socialist policies. 13 September 1940. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Rica history. 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. Actress. While this fact is certainly a blessing, it does not mean that it was a simple process. Costa Rica Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of historic sites in Costa Rica, Central America on Tripadvisor. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. 18 February … 2007 May - Government says Costa Rica on course to become first voluntarily 'carbon neutral' country. Costa Rica’s history starts with the movement of tribes southwards from North America during the last Ice Age between 13,000 and 17,000 years ago. However, the Communist Party did play a major role in organizing the 'Great Banana Strike' of 1934, the largest in Costa Rican history. Relations with the native people became friendly enough that they brought him a number of items of gold, possibly prompting… Costa Rica as part of the Kingdom of Guatemala became independent of Spain when the captaingeneral of Guatemala proclaimed independence. 1958-73 - Costa Rica governed by mainly conservative administrations. It is bounded on the north by Nicaragua, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the southeast by Our love of the country runs so deep, the red-eyed tree frog and hummingbird in our logo was a tribute to its formative influence on this website. Lighter Side. Religious festivals and masses in every city and village named after Saint Joseph. The Costa Rican farmers had the more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention. The first evidence of human settlement in Costa Rica comes from around 10,000BC (12,000 years ago). 2009 March - President Arias says Costa Rica to re-establish ties with Cuba, 48 years after they broken off in 1961. The place, the people, the opportunities: Invest in Costa Rica Costa Rica is a strategic destination for the operation of multinational enterprises in sectors such as the service industry, advanced manufacturing, life sciences and light manufacturing.Up to the present date, more than 250 world-leading enterprises have chosen our country as a place in which to expand their operations. In 1522, the colonists named the land Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast, in the hope that they were going to find gold in its hills. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. 2007 June - Costa Rica switches diplomatic allegiance from Taiwan to China in a bid to attract Chinese investment. This act alone turned the young Juan Santamaria into a national hero who is still celebrated annually and even remembered through the name of Alajuela‘s airport: San Juan Santamaria International Airport. 13 September 1940. President of Costa Rica. Óscar Arias. In fact, they had to win their freedo… 2003 May - Energy and telecommunications workers strike over President Pacheco's privatisation plans; teachers strike over problems in paying their salaries. The few remaining members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their customs and old way of life, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in small villages in remote regions of the country. 1540 onwards - Costa Rica is part of the vice-royalty of New Spain. Bananas, coffee, sugar and beef are still important exports. Costa Rica’s seamounts — mountains rising from the ocean floor that do not break the surface of the water — create rich feeding grounds for native species and provide habitats for migratory species like hammerhead sharks, manta rays, turtles, whales and tuna. Soon after Mexico declared independence General Irtubide was declared emperor of Mexico and tried to bring Central American into his empire. But some influences still remain and some tribes are still populating Costa Rica to this day. The International Festival of Arts. In fact, some historians argue that the present culture of this country was primarily founded upon these more dominant indigenous cultures. 1808 - Coffee is introduced into Costa Rica from Cuba and becomes the principal crop. “ Walking through the doors evokes the history of CR, and the rooms are filled with more history of the country that helped me deepen my appreciation for Costa Rica beyond eco-tourism. Joel Campbell. 1838 - Costa Rica becomes fully independent. 1990 - Rafael Calderon, of the centrist PUSC, elected president. https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g291982-Activities-c49-Costa_Rica.html Instead of recurring cycles of dictatorship and poverty, Costa Rica boasts an enduring democracy and the highest standards of living in Central America. Bullfights are another traditional event during the Costa Rica holiday season. Paulo Wanchope. Learn about 16 famous, scandalous and important events that happened in 1502 or search by date or keyword. As Spanish conquistadors hacked their way into Costa Rica, the dense rain forest was an obstacle to the quest for treasure. In fact, they had to win their freedom not once but twice! 2006 October - Two-day public workers strike is held in protest at proposed free trade deal with the US. Early History In 1502 when Christopher Columbus landed in Puerto Limon, less than 20 indigenous tribes occupied the lands which are now Costa Rica. It has its origin here in the activities of Minor C. Keith, who buys plantations and builds railways in Costa Rica from 1872. Modern politics in Costa Rica began just after a brief civil war in 1948. Costa Rica is one of the few countries in the world that doesn't have an army. She came to Costa Rica in 1931 as a Salesian nun of the Order of Don Bosco and worked tirelessly to help the poor and the oppressed, founding homes for the abandoned and homeless. 2004 October - Mounting concern over corruption as three former presidents - Jose Maria Figueres, Miguel Angel Rodriguez and Rafael Angel Calderon - are investigated over contractor payments. The National Orchid Exhibition. 1849-59 - Under the leadership of Juan Rafael Mora, Costa Rica takes the lead in organising Central American resistance against William Walker, the US adventurer who took over Nicaragua in 1855. The native population was small compared to the vast Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout Latin America. In 1502, Christopher Columbus arrived at Limon being lost. Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticos managed to do it without bloodshed or revolution. Costa Rica Fact Sheet. 1808 - … In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. 1940-44 - President Rafael Angel Calderon Guradia, founder of the United Christian Socialist Party (PUSC), introduces liberal reforms, including recognition of workers' rights and minimum wages. Costa Rican women do not take their husbands’ last name when they get married. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. 1989-04-16 Costa Rica beats US 1-0, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup. It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! History Costa Rica is unique. "With more than 2,000 dead, the 44-day Costa Rican Civil War resulting from this uprising was the bloodiest event in twentieth-century Costa Rican history." My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by, As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the, The Most important part of Costa Rican History, William Walker The Filibuster and Juan Santamaria The Hero, San Juan Santamaria International Airport. 2005 January - National emergency declared as days of heavy rain lead to serious flooding along the Caribbean coast. The victorious junta, however, resulted in a constitution that gave way to free elections with universal suffrage and the total abolition of the army. Horse Parade : El Tope Nacional – December 26th More than 3,000 horses trot down the Second Avenue year after year on December 26th to celebrate the long-standing tradition of the horse parade. Walker and his army invaded the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua. The indigenous cultures fled to the Talamanca mountain ranges where they remain to this day. Honored by the government, her portrait hangs in the Alajuela museum dedicated to Juan Santamaría and the Campaign of 1856. Costa Rica Becomes Independent. Footnote 13 The history of Costa Rican ecotourism not only fills these lacunae in one important national case, but it also offers compelling evidence on the emergence of new tourism categories, the role of business in commodifying existing natural endowments, and the impact of changing ideas—in this case, conservation, biodiversity, and environmentalism—on both entrepreneurs … Best of all, I’ve had an opportunity to share my passion for Costa Rica with my wife and my daughter. A large part of the population identifies with the Catholic Church, and so share most religious holidays, but many of their traditions and celebrations are unique to Costa Rica. Cartago is an excellent city in Costa Rica to experience culture and history without the crazy hustle and bustle of San Jose. 1821 - Central America gains independence from Spain. Most of us have heard of self-declared 19th century commander William Walker but we don’t always know the details of his relationship to Costa Rica. 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