Dogwoods, even native species, are often affected by many pests and diseases. Crataegus . Pruning Trees- Specialty Tree Pruning and Maintenance: Example: Young Kousa Dogwood: Video Vignette - (See it live!) To prevent disease-encouraging branch wounds, prune crossed or rubbing branches. Now the Kousa dogwood is not native to North America, it actually is from Japan, Korea and China. They do not require regular pruning, except to remove occasional damaged or dead wood. How to Hard Prune Dogwood for its Winter Display . Mulching: Kousa dogwood benefit from a layer of mulch to hold in moisture. So, you definitely want to be sure you have enough room for it the landscape. Her work has regularly appeared in "Strathroy First Magazine" and the "Strathroy Age-Dispatch," as well as a variety of garden related websites. Question by kpcherry April 23, 1998. 2410 N. Crain Hwy, BOWIE, Maryland, United States. This will just be light pruning for shape or to fix damage of some sort. Transplanting: Balled and burlapped in early spring or from container as a young tree. The bark of the Kousa dogwood is so attractive that you’ll want to selectively prune branches to show it off as part of your Kousa dogwood care. Prune back all branches of the dogwood shrub, making the pruning cuts 2 to 4 inches above the soil level. Not the case with the gray dogwood; it’s a healthy variety that resists the diseases common to many dogwoods.The gray dogwood’s numerous small, creamy white flowers are less showy than the ones of the flowering dogwood, but it … Best Time to Prune a Dogwood Tree People ask if they can trim a dogwood in the summer or cut back a dogwood in the fall, but the best time to prune a dogwood tree is in late fall until late winter. This native of Japan and Korea grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9 and sports distinctive speckled bark in shades of tan, brown and gray. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Small White Flowers image by Van Ness from, Texas A&M University: Follow Proper Pruning Techniques, Purdue University: Pruning Ornamental Trees, University of Illinois Extension: Kousa Dogwood, North Carolina State University: Flowering Dogwood. Kousa Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Kousa Dogwood grows 15 to 20 feet tall and has beautiful exfoliating bark, long lasting flowers, good fall color, and attractive fruit (Fig. Snip off branches on the lower third of the remaining trunk with pruning shears and the tree will grow taller, faster. Pruning Advice for Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi' Trees Japanese Dogwoods creates an appealing shape, so the only pruning required is to remove any damaged or diseased branches. She demonstrates how to reduce the height and rejuvenate the shrub. You can keep it smaller with annual pruning. In winter and early spring, that being said, prune those shrubs that form their flower buds on “new” wood. If they require pruning, it should be conducted immediately following bloom in the late spring or early summer, according to Purdue University. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Hand pruners make clean cuts up to 1/2 inch in diameter. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, et al. Scientific Name: Cornus kousa Common Name (s): Kousa Dogwood, Japanese Kousa, Chinese Kousa, Korean Kousa, Kousa Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): 5 to 8 / H6 Plant Details. The shallow root system will benefit from a layer of mulch to maintain a cool root environment. Remove undersized twigs and branches that detract from … Young Kousa Dogwood. It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. Cornus kousa (Kousa Dogwood) is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub with 4 seasons of interest. Use the right tools when pruning to ensure safe, clean cuts and eliminate risking the health of the shrub. When you prune will depend entirely on what type of pruning you are doing. Thin the shrub as needed to ensure the sunlight and air circulation reach the entire plant. Established dogwoods need regular water during dry periods and this shrub grows well in full sun to a partially shaded site. Initially, kousa branches will grow vertically, but strong lateral growth will develop as the tree matures, giving a beautiful, broad reach without any further assistance. Flowering dogwood needs minimal pruning to remain healthy. Snip off branches on the lower third of the remaining trunk with pruning shears and the tree will … There are 2 main reasons to only prune … Prune kousa dogwood after its spring bloom. In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. Young Kousa Dogwood. This is when the dogwood is completely dormant. Pruning: Regular trimming isn’t necessary with Kousa dogwood, but you may want to selectively prune your tree in order to show off the dramatic branches and bark. Conduct this severe rejuvenating pruning in early to mid-spring before leaf buds swell and open. Save the heavier pruning until the shrub is dormant … Pruning can prevent a plant from overgrowing its space in the landscape and eliminate the need for you to drastically cut crowded, overgrown plants. The brightly-colored bark occurs on stems that are less than 3 years old, so rejuvenation pruning should be a regular practice. For example, remove all but one stem from a young tree to give it a single-trunk shape, pruning away any new, low side branches until the main trunk is a few feet tall. Remove branches during the winter or early spring. Sku #2777. Losch is also a member of the Garden Writers Association and is a member of the London-Middlesex Master Gardeners. I have a Kousa dogwood that has been planted for about 7 years and has bloomed fine. Today we’re going to talk about the Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa). Remove dead, diseased, insect-infested or broken branches. Dogwood is a very easy ornamental shrub to grow. Pruning a young dogwood helps determine its mature shape. With regular pruning and ongoing care, the dogwood will remain an impressive shrub in the landscape for years. Award-winning Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi' (Kousa Dogwood) is an upright, spreading medium-sized deciduous shrub with 4 seasons of interest. Along with seasonal pruning, proper care will keep the flowering dogwood growing strong and healthy. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. Siberian dogwood (cornus alba ‘Sibirica’) with light red shoots in winter; A hint is the planting of Cornus kousa ‚Teutonia‘ whose berry fruits can be harvested and preserved in autumn. The image shows the growth of new stems, that resulted when just 4 old stems were cut back hard. Prune every stem down to this level - as can be seen in the image above right. Fall brings bright red, 1-inch berries that birds enjoy while the leaves turn to brilliant shades of purple and red. Thin the interior of the canopy if needed to increase sunlight penetration and fresh air flow. Pruning large Kousa Dogwood that are well established will enable the plant to have continued vigor, and lead to many more years of supplying beauty to the landscape. Cornus kousa Growing and Care Guide. Details C. kousa var. In spring, a heavenly array of star-like blooms appear. Sawing or otherwise removing branches during the late spring or summer, after the tree begins to actively grow, can create fresh, appealing entry spots for insects that like to bore into the wood of the tree. The crown If the tree is planted near a walkway, you’ll probably need to remove some lower branches … 'Wolf Eyes' is a particularly popular cultivar of the Chinese dogwood (Cornus kousa).Like the species plant, which is native to China, Korea, and Japan, 'Wolf Eyes' is a multi-stemmed large shrub or small tree with white flowers that appear for up to six weeks in late spring. Scissor cut pruners make a straight, clean scissor-type cut on branches and anvil pruners cut the wood by crushing it. For hard or rejuvenating pruning, prune the older stems or canes in the late winter while the dogwood shrub is dormant. Dogwood - Hard Pruning. 1). Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. Prune the Cornus down to - or near ground level. Pruning Methods: Prune carefully so as not to ruin the look of the layered branches that make this tree so beautiful. Prune when the kousa dogwood is dormant, in late fall or early winter. As a group, the Japanese dogwoods are similar to Cornus florida (flowering dogwood), but have a vase-shaped growth pattern that gradually becomes round with age. Remove just the branch length necessary and place the cuts 1/4 inch above a leaf node or bud. Maintenance: Minimal pruning and no insect or disease problems. Reaching to 30 feet high and wide, depending on the variety, flowering dogwood (Cornus kousa) is a deciduous shrub that sprouts creamy white star-shaped blooms against dark green foliage in late spring. Use hand pruners, but consider loppers if branch diameters are greater than 3/4 inch. Prune when the kousa dogwood is dormant, in late fall or early winter. When Should I Prune Kousa Dogwoods. Do not prune when the tree is flowering in the spring, or you will make it vulnerable to dogwood borers, one of the very few pests that seriously affect it. If any of you can help with that it would be greatly appreciate. Your Kousa dogwood will reach about 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. Trim back any branches that cross and rub together to avoid the potential for disease to enter the wood. Teutonia is a plant from the genus of the Japanese dogwood which comes into striking white flowers between May and June. Prune when the kousa dogwood is dormant, in late fall or early winter. How Long Does It Take for a Kousa Sapling to Flower? Such shrubs falling under this category are abelia, beautyberry, butterfly bush, clematis, hydrangeas, panicle hydrangeas, potentilla, roses, rose-of-Sharon, shrub dogwoods, Japanese spirea, St. Johnswort, and summer sweet. Allow the entire shrub to rejuvenate over summer and fall. Prune away any damaged or diseased branches and remove any dead wood. flowering dogwood. cornelian cherry. View Map. Place all cuts on the bias just 1/4 inch above a leaf node or bud or just outside of the slightly swollen branch collar where two branches meet. You can just use single plants here and there, or make a lovely dogwood feature by planting a big clump of them. Dogwood is a very easy ornamental shrub to grow. Hand Pruning Shears: Stems up to half inch in diameter can be pruned with hand shears. The C. kousa is grown for its flowers in addition to its hardy, dependable nature. Japanese dogwood blooms later than C. Florida, in May and June. They consist of four narrowly pointed white bracts which surround the center cluster of tiny yellowish-green flowers. 2410 N. … It looks fantastic when planted with evergreen shrubs, and among spring flowers. Pruning away large portions of any trees can have a stunting effect - although if major alterations are to be made when the tree is young is the time to do it. Pests and Diseases: The kousa dogwoods are less susceptible to the dreaded anthracnose disease than C. florida and our native dogwood—C. Kousa Dogwoods About This Tree YouTrees Shrubs And Conifers Pruning Kousa Dogwood 1 By CindyeoHow To Prune A Dogwood 9 Steps With Pictures WikihowKousa Dogwood Mov YouPruning Kousa Dogwood11 Best Pruning … There are a number of Kousa dogwood varieties, and the only basic difference is how each tree looks. It has brightly coloured young bark that looks great in winter when all the leaves have fallen. It is typically planted for both its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers. Hard pruning is not tolerated and will spoil the shape of the tree. Dogwoods are either trees or shrubs.Gray dogwood is a native shrub. Select the appropriate one according to the size of the plant, its age and the type of pruning it will perform. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. The dogwood should still be in a dormant state when you remove branches. The branches are now growing above the single-story roof line. Kousa dogwood is a species of flowering tree native to Japan and Korea and is a relation of other Cornus species native to North America. Small and late-flowering kousa dogwoods (Cornus kousa) are slow growers, but the results they produce are worth your efforts to grow them. Think of the kousa dogwood in thirds. Top. Once the dogwood has had its spring pruning, new wood grows and flower buds begin to develop and become the following year's floral display. And follow our step-by-step demonstration, below, for detailed advice on taking dogwood cuttings. Snip off branches on the lower third of the remaining trunk with pruning shears and the tree will grow taller, faster. There are mixed reports about C. 'Miss Satomi's' susceptibility to the disease. ... Chinese Dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis. cotoneaster. They are prized for their large bracts in spring, decorative red berries in summer and their richly colored fall foliage. Cotinus coggygria. Pruning a Kousa dogwood Q: I just moved into a house that has a Kousa dogwood tree planted within 8 feet of an outside wall. However dogwood also makes a fantastic wildlife shrub and can be grown into a hedge alongside other wildlife-friendly plants such as hawthorn and hazel. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. How to prune kousa dogwood trees with kousa dogwoods about this tree you kousa dogwood the root of a blooming problem could be how to prune a dogwood shrub you 11 best pruning dogwoods kousa. More than likely you are familiar with the native flowering dogwood in the southeast. Doesn’t matter which variety of dogwood from pink, white, or red flowering dogwoods to Cornus Kousa which is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, or Japanese dogwood, it is best to prune during … The C. kousa is grown for its flowers in addition to its hardy, dependable nature. 'Wolf Eyes' is a small cultivar of C. kousa, growing to only about 10 feet tall at maturity.Until then, it serves as a shrub in the landscape. This is best done while the tree is dormant and leafless, between autumn and early spring. Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. It is the proper time of year to prune many plants. If left un pruned, then the Dogwood would lose vigour, and the stem colour would fade year after year. Do not prune when the tree is flowering in the spring, or you will make it vulnerable to dogwood borers, one of the very few pests that seriously affect it. The only time to hard prune a Dogwood tree is to control the overall size or internal canopy or if there is not enough light reaching the inner branches. In reference to this phenomenon heavy pruning of bushy shrubs so that they are left with elevated foliage on a smaller number of visible stems has been called "arborizing". Kousa Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Kousa Dogwood grows 15 to 20 feet tall and has beautiful exfoliating bark, long lasting flowers, good fall color, and attractive fruit (Fig. Spread the thinning cuts throughout the canopy evenly to preserve a balanced shape. Plant Spread: 13 to 27 feet (4 to 8 m). A: This isn’t a huge species, but without any pruning, Kousa dogwoods can grow 25 feet tall and wide. Think of the kousa dogwood in thirds. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Both of these types grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. C. kousa, C. florida and C. nutallii need very little pruning beyond the removal of lower branches as the tree matures to create a clear trunk. Pruning Dogwood Shrubs in Summer. Water new trees deeply to promote strong root growth and add a layer of mulch around the tree's base to help maintain moisture. hawthorn. Dogwood is a spring-blooming shrub, and you should prune once the flowering is complete. How to Trim a Cypress Tree Without Killing It, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service: Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, North Carolina State University: Flowering Dogwood. Best dogwoods for winter colour; 20 trees for small gardens; Fast-growing plants for screens; Watch our video, above, where Joe Swift demonstrates how to prune and take hardwood cuttings from dogwoods. “Gold Star” has a golden stripe down each leaf in the spring, which darkens to a solid green later in the summer. Mariah Mickman explains how to prune a Dogwood shrub. If … The Korean or kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) blooms later in the season, usually in May through June. The shallow root system will benefit from a layer of mulch to maintain a cool root environment. Learn more about Monrovia plants and best practices for best possible plant performance. Deutzia . Height: 20 ft Width: 15 ft Flower Color: Pink. Deep watering once a week until established. Place the cut back to a point of healthy wood or back down to the parent branch from which the problem branch originates. chinensis is a large, free-flowering deciduous shrub or small tree, with ovate leaves turning red and orange in autumn. As varied are the different dogwoods as the number of tools you can select to perform the pruning. The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan.. A small flowering tree native to eastern Asia, the Kousa Dogwood is an attractive small tree makes a statement in a yard or garden or along the edge of a wooded border. ... Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.Pruning time: winter. For general shaping, prune the shrub right after it has finished blooming up to July. They are a delicate vision at twilight in late spring. Watering: Irrigate your Kousa dogwood during drought. Figure 1. Pruning away large portions of any trees can have a stunting effect - although if major alterations are to be made when the tree is young is the time to do it. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. Cornus kousa. Thin the interior of the canopy if needed to increase sunlight penetration and fresh air flow. The flowering dogwood has a dense, spreading horizontal growth habit and on larger varieties, the lower limbs can be removed to give the shrub more of a treelike appearance as it develops. Kousa dogwood is a species of flowering tree native to Japan and Korea and is a relation of other Cornus species native to North America. Remove the oldest third of stems down to the base of the plant every year or two to promote growth of the younger, colorful stems. A dogwood grows 1 or 2 feet each year until it's about 25 feet tall. A: This isn’t a huge species, but without any pruning, Kousa dogwoods can grow 25 feet tall and wide. They consist of four narrowly pointed deep pink bracts which surround the center cluster of tiny yellowish-green flowers. Your goal in pruning Dogwood shrubs, such as the red and yellow twigged dogwoods, is to remove old stems that have lost their brilliance that will be replaced by new, brightly colored stems. Pruning should be done with a purpose in mind. “Satomi” and “Stellar Pink” have pink flowers instead of … Watering is one The grace that they bring to your balconies and deck is worth taking care of and make an attractive addition to any kind of landscape. Dead wood may accumulate in the canopy, and can be removed after flowering. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods.It thrives in zones 5-9. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Dan Keck / Flickr / CC By 1.0. chinensis Trees Most Chinese Dogwoods naturally grow into an appealing dome-shape, so the only pruning required is to remove any damaged or diseased branches. Adaptable to most soil types, the flowering dogwood does prefer a fertile, well-drained site with a slightly acidic pH. Cornus mas. Pruning There are sufficient breaks in the blustery days of late winter and early spring in which pruning can be done in reasonable comfort. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. Known for their versatility and variety, dogwood trees and shrubs are available for almost any situation in the landscape. These branches are unsightly and provide an entry point for insects and disease. But it’s Cornus kousa (or Korean dogwood) season nonetheless, so time to visit the gang and celebrate them. smoketree. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … 1). kousa dogwood. 5. Reviews. If the branches are touching the ground, then trim down those branches. Kousa dogwoods are attractive landscape trees that tolerate more sunlight and drier conditions than flowering dogwoods, and they are not as susceptible to dogwood anthracnose. This hard pruning of the Dogwood removes all of the stems that were the attraction through the previous winter, but do not worry, for where you have carried out the pruning, many more stems will grow from the stumps left behind. The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan.. Dogwood, Cornus sanguinea, is typically grown for winter colour, when its red, leafless stems shine like beacons in the bare winter garden. Life Cycle / Plant Type: Deciduous, bushy tree. If you are pruning dogwood shrubs in the summer it should just be for touch pruning or general pruning. This video will take you through the procedures of pruning Dogwood to encourage bright coloured stems for the following winter Monrovia's Chinese Dogwood details and information. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in … Cut out any dead, cracked, abrading or otherwise damaged branches. Hard pruning is the way forward for this, and make sure that you prune early enough in the spring. How to Hard Prune Dogwood for its Winter Display . Heavy pruning in the fall, however, will not hurt the plant, but the shrub will not flower the following spring. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. Tree Type This tree is considered both a flowering tree and an ornamental tree. An avid gardener and nature enthusiast, Cheryl Losch has been writing since 2008. spp. Today we are going to look at a distant relative of that, and this is the Kousa dogwood. 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Tree looks follow our step-by-step demonstration, below, for detailed advice on taking dogwood.... 1/2 inch in diameter the image above right there are 2 main reasons to only prune … how prune! Birds enjoy while the tree is dormant since 2008 purpose in mind dogwoods hot! Relative of that, and the only basic difference is how each tree looks fall.! Just be light pruning for shape or to fix damage of some sort fall! First find the type of soil drainage favorable for the acid-loving flowering dogwood in the summer growth...