Widespread plagues followed, weakening the empire. Metal armor, firearms, steel edged weapons, and the horse gave the Spanish a huge advantage. You do not need to cite them Except when you are directly quoting from the the sources. In Mexico it was the … The conquest of Tenochtitlan and the subsequent consolidation of Spanish domination over the former Aztec Empire was the first major possession in what became the Spanish Empire. The Aztecs were driven back into Tenochtitlán, and Cortes and his allies laid siege. Decline in the empires was one. The Aztec empire was full of people unhappy with Aztec rule ready to aid the Spanish while the Inca empire was in a civil war when the Spanish arrived making it easy to conquer. The Inca seriously underestimated the Spanish,because of their small numbers.Unlike the Aztecs, the Inca were under no illusion about who exactly the newcomers were,nor what they were after. The Aztecs were hated and feared by other Mexican tribes,who were thus more than happy to gang up with the Spanish to destroy them. The Spanish had guns and horses. Under the leadership of Cuauhtémoc, the Aztecs refused to surrender, and Cortes had to invade. It only took Cortes and his soldiers three years to conquer the Aztec Empire. What factors allowed Spanish Conquistadors to conquer the native tribes? After months of bitter street fighting by August 1521, the smoking ruins were finally in Spanish hands and the Aztecs had been virtually exterminated. The Spanish had superior weaponry to the Aztecs, and were aided by rival tribes who resented Aztec rule. TACTICAL FACTORS IN THE SPANISH CONQUEST OF THE AZTECS DOUGLAS A. DANIEL Western Washington University A perspective largely unexamined in past works on the Spanish Conquest of Mexico has been the details of the tactical systems of the respective sides, and how these systems worked on the battlefield to produce the Spanish victory. Cortes and his men used gunpowder technology to make firearms. The Spanish brought smallpox and various other Old World diseases with them to which New World populations had little resistance. The Spanish had more advanced technology, especially firearms: this has taken the Aztecs by surprise. The Aztec king believed nothing good could come from the Spaniards arrival. This awesome reputation helped tiny Spanish armies, often less than two hundred men, to conquer vast native populations. Additionally, they have formed alliances with the people that Aztecs conquered (such as the Tlaxcaltecas) who felt mistreated by the Aztec . 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