Other cities began using aerial mapping, as they found it was faster and less expensive than the ground surveys of the time. [4] His father was a Republican Congressman as well as a co-founder and the first Chairman of IBM. In the short span of 9 months, Fairchild went from initial production to being the second largest aircraft producer in the world. His father George's Tabulating Machine Company morphed into International Business Machines Company in 1911 and George became the first President and Chairman of the Board of that company, which is now IBM. He also inherited his father's IBM stock, becoming IBM's largest individual stockholder until his death in 1971. Coral Olaveson. Right around the corner from the store lived Sherman Fairchild, who was the richest man in America, although I didn't know that. The planes took more responsibilities during the war, as they were strongly built and able to withstand considerable battle damage. At age 28, Sherman Fairchild was left as the largest single shareholder in IBM, which would be true until his death in 1971. In 1921, he formed Fairchild Aerial Surveys and bought a surplus World War I Fokker D.VII biplane to take his aerial photographs. Sherman created Fairchild Recording Equipment Company in 1931 to manufacture professional audio and broadcast gear. His father was a Republican Congressman as well as a co-founder and the first Chairman of IBM. During the Great Depression he consolidated his aircraft business in Hagerstown to form the Fairchild Aircraft Corp in 1935, which became his principal US aircraft manufacturing subsidiary. The Aviation Corp (AVCO) purchased Fairchild Aviation and its subsidiaries in 1930; however, in the following year Fairchild repurchased Fairchild Aviation Corp and eventually all its subordinate companies. In 1939, Fairchild bought a process developed by Virginius E. Clark in which a composite made of hot layers of plywood soaked with resin adhesive and bonded under pressure was used for building airframes. He had his own audio company, Fairchild Audio, which never made any money. On December 18, 1970, the Air Force selected Fairchild to develop the YA-10A prototype, which would be the last aircraft project undertaken before Fairchild's death in 1971. Fairchild was a US congressman and the first chairman of the board of IBM. [15] In 1950, it became Fairchild Engine and Airplane Company. In 1917 Fairchild was rejected from the US military … Born in Oneonta, New York, Sherman Fairchild was the only child of George Winthrop Fairchild (1854–1924) and Josephine Mills Sherman (1859–1924). Fairchild died on March 28, 1971,[4] at Roosevelt Hospital in New York after a long illness. Among the clients of Semiconductor’s first planar silicon transistors was IBM. The camera featured a shutter that was inside the lens, thereby reducing the significant image distortion caused by the slow shutter speeds that could not keep up with the movement of the plane. Back in the United States he made an aerial map of Manhattan Island which went on to become a commercial success and was implemented by several New York businesses. Over 7,000 individual frames were captured by the Lunar Mapping Cameras, which resulted in the coverage of approximately 20% of the lunar surface. Details Title A jump start course in C++ programming / James W. Cooper, Richard B. Lam. The assets of the Sherman Fairchild Foundation, headquartered in Chevy Chase, Maryland, have grown to over $500 million. When his father died on the last day of that year, Sherman Fairchild became IBM’s largest individual shareholder, and remained so until his death in 1971. Advanced Analytics Consultant at IBM Global Business Services. He was an aerial photography pioneer inventing aerial cameras from 1920 and aerial photography planes from 1927. His father was a Republican Congressman as well as a co-founder and the first Chairman of IBM. Most of the $200+ million estate went to two charitable foundations he formed during his lifetime, the Fairchild Foundation and the Sherman Fairchild Foundation. [3] He always kept an eye out for opportunities to create or improve upon existing technology or capabilities. Due to his ongoing medical problems, Fairchild did not earn a degree from any of these schools. In the 1936 reorganization it became Fairchild Engine and Airplane Co. and took control over all Fairchild Aircraft and engine holdings. [8] After acquiring Hiller Helicopters and becoming Fairchild Hiller in 1964, it introduced the FH-1100 civilian helicopter. In 1950, it became Fairchild Engine and Airplane Company. Options Library Location Call Number Description Loan Period Availability Due Date; Log in: Sherman Fairchild Library: SFL 2 books: QD39.3.E46 M47: v.1 c.1-On shelf He conceived of the integrated circuit … The Fairchild Space & Defense and Fairchild Controls divisions were acquired by the Matra Lagardere Group, a French aerospace company. The C-119 was eventually converted into the AC-119, a night attack gunship used in the Vietnam War. Previously, I was a Sherman Fairchild Fellow of the Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics and member of the Institute for Quantum Information & Matter at the California Institute of Technology. [3] Fairchild is also responsible for inventing the first synchronized camera shutter and flash as well as developing new technologies for aerial cameras that were later used on the Apollo Missions. Sherman Fairchild hired Lester Hogan, who was the head of Motorola semiconductor division. Fairchild was a dominant force in the aviation industry during this period, becoming one of the nation's largest manufacturers of commercial aircraft. [2], Fairchild wanted to expand the capabilities of his cameras for map making and aerial surveying. 12. [8] The need for Fairchild's aerial cameras continued to grow; during World War II over 90% of all aerial cameras used by Allied Forces were of Fairchild design or manufacture. [4] Production of the A-10 Thunderbolt II began in 1974. Having never been married or having any children, he spent his time exploring a variety of interests. The Sherman Fairchild Foundation was incorporated in 1955 by Sherman M. Fairchild, inventor of the Fairchild aerial camera, chairman of Fairchild Camera Instrument Co. and of Fairchild Hiller Corp., owner of Fairchild Recording Equipment Co., and a director of IBM. In 1923, Fairchild formed Fairchild Aerial Surveys of Canada, Limited after he was asked by the chief forester of the Laurentide Paper Company to perform aerial surveys of Canada. Included in the two million he received at his father’s passing was IBM stock, some of which he sold to support his inventions. Born in Oneonta, New York, Sherman Fairchild was the only child of George Winthrop Fairchild (1854–1924) and Josephine Mills Sherman (1859–1924). He was awarded a military contract to build his large-capacity twin-boom plane, which featured a hinged rear door used to load bulky cargo to be designated the C-82 Packet. Fairchild was buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Oneonta, Otsego County, New York. Sherman was a very odd duck. He founded over 70 companies, including Fairchild Aircraft (Fairchild Aviation Corporation), Fairchild Industries, and Fairchild Camera and Instrument. Fairchild Recording Equipment Corporation's most notable products were the Fairchild 660 mono and 670 stereo dynamic range compressors.[17]. From December 1949 until 1955 over 1,100 C-119s were constructed. [8] Fairchild was able to remain profitable after the war by manufacturing the C-119 Flying Boxcar, an upgraded version of the Packet which incorporated more powerful engines and greater capacity. Cipe Pineles (CP) Seventeen magazine spread 1948. He is buried within walking distance of the home he grew up in, now the Oneonta Masonic Lodge. Enter Sherman Fairchild, heir to the fortune of his father, (one of the founders of IBM), and a genius in his own right. In 1942, Fairchild developed the Fairchild Model 78, which was designed specifically for military transport. His mother was the daughter of William Sherman, of Davenport, Iowa. I found one site (didn't keep the URL) on his cartridges, and another on his involvement in early recording. George Winthrop Fairchild 1854 – 1924. Noyce was the head of the Research and Development team and also the public face of the company. Description xv, 278 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. In any event, Tom Watson Senior had quite a few offspring. As a result of his lifetime achievements, he was awarded fellowships in the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences and in the Royal Aeronautical Society, as well as accolades by the Smithsonian Institution. The plant began manufacturing new aircraft, including the Fairchild Model 22 (1931), Model 24 (1932), Model 95 (1934 – USAAC XC-31), Model 91, Jungle Clipper (1935), Model 45 (1935) and Model 46 (1937). He was a confirmed bachelor and he was also a hi-fi enthusiast. (AAP-Rcutcr). The camera featured a shutter that was inside the lens, thereby reducing the significant image distortion caused by the slow shutter speeds that could not keep up with the movement of the plane. [14] The data acquired by the Apollo Lunar Mapping Cameras provided important information to scientists and geologists studying and mapping the lunar surface. In 1939, Fairchild bought a process developed by Virginius E. Clark in which a composite made of hot layers of plywood soaked with resin adhesive and bonded under pressure was used for building airframes. [8] The planes took more responsibilities during the war, as they were strongly built and able to withstand considerable battle damage. Among the investors of Intel were Hodgson and five of the founding members of Fairchild. Over 7,000 individual frames were captured by the Lunar Mapping Cameras, which resulted in the coverage of approximately 20% of the lunar surface. Sherman M. Fairchild was born in Oneonta, New York, in April 1896 as the only child of congressman and a founder of International Business Machines (IBM), George W Fairchild. Instead he pursued his desire to become an entrepreneur. A third group of investors, initially led by Sherman Fairchild (whose father was a founder of IBM) raised $35 million in May 1929 to fund the Aviation Corporation, commonly known as AVCO. It also carried the first international airmail from Key West, Florida to Havana, Cuba. Parents. The reasons for Noyce and Moore's exit is well explained. After acquiring Hiller Helicopters and becoming Fairchild Hiller in 1964, it introduced the FH-1100 civilian helicopter. During the 1960s Fairchild went through a series of changes and acquisition. Fairchild became a very disorganized company and it is explained here how much of that developed, via great turnover and very rapid growth. The 40-seat plane was also the first to offer its passengers air conditioning and pressurization within the short-haul marketplace. They purchased Eastfair Castle in 1971 after the former owner and their close friend, Sherman Mills Fairchild, had died. Sherman Mills Fairchild (1896-1971) was an inventor, entreprenueur and a pioneer in aerial surveys and the aviation industry. AVCO hurriedly bought up as many small airlines as possible, finding the ones that were not part of Rentschler’s or Keys’ groups. Sherman Fairchild died on March 28, 1971 at the Roosevelt Hospital in New York after a long illness. [8], In 1956, Fairchild built the Fokker F-27 Friendship passenger airplane, the first American-built airliner in service. His Fairchild Camera & Instrument Corporation, Semiconductor Division company played a defining role in the development of Silicon Valley. [4] It was nicknamed the "Flying Boxcar" because the plane's cargo capacity of 2,870 cubic feet (81 m3) was the same as that of a standard railway boxcar. The 40-seat plane was also the first to offer its passengers air conditioning and pressurization within the short-haul marketplace. In 1979, Fairchild was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame. From December 1949 until 1955 over 1,100 C-119s had been constructed. And they came up with the first "double-diffusion" transistor. Sherman Fairchild died on March 28, 1971 [3] at the Roosevelt Hospital in New York after a long illness. [4] It also carried the first international airmail from Key West, Florida to Havana, Cuba. [4] In 1923, Fairchild formed Fairchild Aerial Surveys of Canada, Limited after he was asked by the chief forester of the Laurentide Paper Company to perform aerial surveys of Canada. In addition, he was an inventor. Instead he pursued his desire to become an entrepreneur. Between 1927 and 1930, the company delivered over 300 of the FC-2, the production version of the FC-1 aerial mapping aircraft. Sherman Mills Fairchild (April 7, 1896 – March 28, 1971) was an inventor and serial entrepreneur who founded over 70 companies, including Fairchild Aircraft, Fairchild Industries, Fairchild Aviation Corporation and Fairchild Camera and Instrument. Raymond Loewy Studebaker Avanti 1962 ... Sherman Fairchild House 1941. Fairchild created the Space & Electronic Systems division in 1965 to produce spacecraft and subsystems. [8] The U.S. government gave Fairchild a budget of $7,000; the project, however, ended up costing $40,000; his father paid the difference. He is buried within walking distance of the home he grew up in, now the Oneonta Masonic Lodge. This was the last Fairchild design to be mass-produced. Sherman attended college at Harvard, the University of Arizona, and Columbia, studying engineering and aerial photography (graduating from none of them). US Advertising. [4] During the Great Depression he consolidated his aircraft business in Hagerstown to form the Fairchild Aircraft Corp in 1935, which became his principal US aircraft manufacturing subsidiary. [3], In 1917, after being rejected from the military because of his poor health, Fairchild was determined to find another way to support the World War I effort. Over the years, Fairchild airplanes played major roles in the military, ferrying, freighting, and surveying industries. Sherman Fairchild was the only son of long-time IBM chairman George Winthrop Fairchild. Sherman was a very odd duck. Matthew A. Wilson, Sherman Fairchild Professor of Neuroscience; Picower Scholar; Associate Head for Education, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, MIT Moderator: Tomaso A. Poggio, MIT 10:30 – 10:55 am Break Language and Thought 11 am – 12:30 pm 2006; 6:741–743 Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). But the dialogue that inspires innovation rarely looks all that world-shaking at first glance. Upon his father’s death, Sherman became the largest single shareholder in IBM—a status he would hold until his own death in 1971. WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS AND MOBILE COMPUTING Wirel. So Sherman ended up as the single largest stockholder in IBM. Fairchild semiconductors began marketing transistors and pioneered the planar process developed by Hoerni which made other transistor processors obsolete. The Fairchild Controls division was relocated from Manhattan Beach, California to two locations in Maryland - Frederick and Germantown. It is an understatement to describe Sherman Fairchild's range of interests as incredibly varied. It would be true, therefore, to say that Fairchild came from wealth. [13] The camera was carried on Apollo 15, 16, and 17 and took photos from lunar orbit throughout the missions. Fairchild was involved in the development and production of the process which he renamed Fairchild Duramold and then used on the AT-21 Gunner trainer. The FC-2 was later chosen to accompany Charles A. Lindbergh on his 23,000-mile (37,000 km) tour of America. [4] When the M-62 won the contest, the Air Corps awarded Fairchild with a contract for 270 planes to be designated the PT-19. His mother was the daughter of William Sherman, of Davenport, Iowa. [1] Fairchild made significant contributions to the aviation industry and was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1979. Fairchild made significant contributions to the aviation industry and was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1979. His father was a Republican Congressman as well as a co-founder and the first Chairman of IBM.His mother was the daughter of William Sherman, of Davenport, Iowa. [8] Before the outbreak of the war, Fairchild realized the large sales potential for trainers and developed the Model 62(M-62), which met the requirements for both military and civilian flying schools. [6] Shortly thereafter the U.S. Army ordered 20 additional Fairchild cameras and selected it as the standard for aerial cameras. LIFE magazine "storage wall" 1945. for Herman Miller: office + residential seating / pads + seals give new look / … His will was offered for probate in Manhattan Surrogate's Court by the law firm of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamiltion of New York. These frames were primarily used to produce topographic photo maps of the moon. Available at Sherman Fairchild Library. Shortly afterward, Fairchild landed a contract to make a photomap of Newark, New Jersey, which would be the first aerial mapping of a major city. That's how Fairchild Camera and Instrument and Fairchild Aviation came to be two separate companies. He held over 30 patents for products ranging from the silicon semiconductor to the 8-mm. His mother was the daughter of William Sherman, of Davenport, Iowa. [8] In the 1950s, Fairchild manufactured the C-123 Provider, a short-range assault transport which was used for a variety of purposes, including spraying defoliants in Vietnam. In 1956, Fairchild built the Fokker F-27 Friendship passenger airplane, the first American-built jet airliner in service. Fairchild also designed the first plane to have a closed a cockpit and a plane that could be loaded by rear-facing doors. [8] In 1965 Fairchild sold Fairchild Aerial Surveys to Aero Services, Inc., which decided to keep only the more recent photographs and dispose of the others. Sherman Fairchild (1896-1971) was a bright, indulged, child who grew up in a world of wealth and comfort. After sixty years, the entire aircraft program was shut down in 1987 after the failure of the T-46A program. In the 1980s Fairchild underwent another series of ownership changes and divestitures. home sound motion-picture camera. paper) Imprint New York : Wiley, c1994. Aside from maintaining his companies, he enjoyed architecture, cooking, jazz, dancing, philosophy, and tennis. Oneonta Masonic Lodge No. Later that same year Fairchild acquired Republic Aviation, which became the Republic Aviation Division of Fairchild Hiller. The company was renamed Fairchild-Stratos Corporation in 1961, and began building meteoroid detection satellites for NASA as well as cameras that were used during the Apollo missions. He incorporated Fairchild Aviation Corporation as a holding company for all his other endeavors, with two of its largest subsidiaries being the Fairchild Airplane Manufacturing Corporation of Farmingdale, New York and the Kreider-Reisner Aircraft Company of Hagerstown, Maryland. Fairchild was a dominant force in the aviation industry during this period, becoming one of the nation's largest manufacturers of commercial aircraft. Parti politique: Parti républicain. Items Options Library Location Call Number Description Loan Period Availability Due Date; Log in: Sherman Fairchild … Le coût plus élevé, en fait, aurait été chargé du processus de fabrication. An associate suggested he meet with Sherman Fairchild, a colorful, prominent entrepreneur and investor known for unconventional thinking. So Sherman ended up as the single largest stockholder in IBM. [4] It was used in 1991 at the start of Operation Desert Storm during the first ground battle. Eastfair Castle was built around 1930. Born in Oneonta, New York, Sherman Fairchild was the only child of George Winthrop Fairchild (1854–1924) and Josephine Mills Sherman (1859–1924). It became widely used as a "feeder" plane for commercial carriers across the globe. A former Fairchild employee learned of this plan and was able to get the older material to three Southern California Institutions; Whittier College, UCLA, and California State University at Northridge, where he knew professors who would put the material to good use. Right around the corner from the store lived Sherman Fairchild, who was the richest man in America, although I didn't know that. It was used in 1991 at the start of Operation Desert Storm during the first ground battle. Mob. He left bequests to more than 50 relatives, friends and former employees. Washington, DC. He also inherited his father's IBM stock, becoming IBM's largest individual stockholder until his death in 1971. [15] IBM rebus 1981. In 1917, after being rejected from the military because of his poor health Fairchild was determined to find another way to support the World War I effort. Lou Gerstner, IBM Andy Grove and Gordon Moore ft. Arthur Rock and Bob Noyce, Intel Peter Kaufman, Glenair John Malone, Liberty Media Tom Murphy, Capital Cities Fred Smith ft. Jim Barksdale, FedEx Jack Welch, General Electric Dieter Zetsche, Daimler. In 1921, he formed Fairchild Aerial Surveys and bought a surplus World War I Fokker D.VII biplane to take his aerial photographs. Sherman Mills Fairchild (1896-1971) Adapted from Butler County Warbirds, Inc. Geni requires JavaScript! It was nicknamed the "Warthog" because it was built as a workhorse and many felt it was plain ugly. Other cities began using aerial mapping, as they found it was faster and less expensive than the ground surveys of the time. The data acquired by the Apollo Lunar Mapping Cameras provided important information to scientists and geologists studying and mapping the lunar surface. He founded over 70 companies, including Fairchild Aircraft (Fairchild Aviation Corporation), Fairchild Industries, and Fairchild Camera and Instrument. He was buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Oneonta, Otsego County, New York. He incorporated Fairchild Aviation Corporation as a holding company for all his other endeavors, with two of its largest subsidiaries being the Fairchild Airplane Manufacturing Corporation of Farmingdale, New York, and the Kreider-Reisner Aircraft Company of Hagerstown, Maryland. Sherman had numerous inventions and companies, many of which involved his two passions, photography and audio recording. Fairchild was born into wealth, his father was an IBM founder who built a $200 million fortune and who became IBM's largest single stockholders and one of New York's sought after bachelors. In 1936, Fairchild Aviation divested all of its aircraft manufacturing interests into the new Fairchild Engine and Airplane Co. History of acquisitions, mergers and divestitures. Born in Oneonta, New York, Sherman Fairchild was the only child of George Winthrop Fairchild (1854–1924) and Josephine Mills Sherman (1859–1924). He built and designed the first aerial photography equipment during WW I. Fairchild semiconductors began marketing transistors and pioneered the planar process developed by Hoerni which made other transistor processors obsolete. [4] Shortly afterward, Fairchild landed a contract to make a photomap of Newark, New Jersey, which was the first aerial mapping of a major city. Specific bequests to organizations were $300,000 to Roosevelt Hospital, $200,000 to the Salvation Army, and $100,000 to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, in memory of his aunt May Fairchild. [9] To accommodate this growing commercial demand for aerial surveys, Fairchild established Fairchild Aerial Surveys in the United States. The company was renamed Fairchild-Stratos Corporation in 1961, and began building meteoroid detection satellites for NASA as well as cameras that were used during the Apollo missions. Fairchild was an inventor, entrepreneur who founded over 70 companies, and IBM heir. Created in 1924, Fairchild Airplane and Manufacturing Co. was the original aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of Fairchild Aviation Corp. Its primary purpose was to design and build aircraft for Fairchild's aerial cameras. Over the years, Fairchild airplanes would play major roles in the military, ferrying, freighting, and surveying industries. Eugene Kleiner disparaît ! Sherman Mills Fairchild (April 7, 1896 – March 28, 1971) was an American businessman, investor and inventor. Swiss Style in USA. Enter Sherman Fairchild, heir to the fortune of his father, (one of the founders of IBM), and a genius in his own right. [5] During these college years he contracted tuberculosis and, under the advice of his physician, moved to Arizona to recover in the drier climate. Sherman Fairchild (en) Autres informations; A travaillé pour: IBM. [6] He then transferred to the University of Arizona, where he became increasingly interested in photography. He invented the aerial camera -- and then he had to invent an airplane to hold the camera. The aircraft manufacturing division was sold in 1987 as the company moved to focusing its resources on aerospace and defense components. Fairchild is also responsible for inventing the first synchronized camera shutter and flash as well as developing new technologies for aerial cameras that were later used on the Apollo Missions. Leur direction principale venait d’une concurrence intense entre eux. A third group of investors, initially led by Sherman Fairchild (whose father was a founder of IBM) raised $35 million in May 1929 to fund the Aviation Corporation, commonly known as AVCO. His father was a Republican Congressman as well as a co-founder and the first Chairman of IBM. Later that same year Fairchild acquired Republic Aviation, which became the Republic Aviation Division of Fairchild Hiller. These were cobbled together to form American Airlines. Fairchild founded the company to build the FC-1, an aircraft specifically designed to provide accurate aerial mapping and surveying. A PS Dot Com reader alerted me to the fascinating story of Sherman Fairchild, the man behind the corporation that brought the world this very advanced audio technology: you will not be surprised to learn that he had roots in the aviation industry and a key connection to IBM. Sherman Mills Fairchild was an only child, born in 1896. He owned the greater portion of IBM, which was willed him by his father. As mentioned in Part 1, Sherman Fairchild’s father was one of the founders of the company that became IBM, and was the first Chairman of IBM. As mentioned in Part 1, Sherman Fairchild’s father was one of the founders of the company that became IBM, and was the first Chairman of IBM. Formats. Son of George Winthrop Fairchild and Josephine Mills Sherman, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherman_Fairchild. Production of the A-10 Thunderbolt began in 1974. He had a lot of money. Fairchild soon realized that existing planes were not suitable for the type of maneuvering and extreme conditions that were often encountered during aerial photography. In 1925 Sherman Fairchild, formed the Fairchild Aviation Corporation in Long Island, New York. He was a confirmed bachelor and he was also a hi-fi enthusiast. A former Fairchild employee learned of this plan and was able to get the older material to three Southern California Institutions, Whittier College, UCLA, and California State University at Northridge, where he knew professors who would put the material to good use. Pioneer dies NEW YORK, Monday (AAP). Young Sherman was given free run, and use, of the company's shops, … + 1 computer disk (3 1/2 in.) He left bequests to more than 50 relatives, friends and former employees. [16] After numerous changes it became the Aircraft Division in 1967, which was broken up in a corporate reorganization after Fairchild's death. Family Members. Fairchild was involved in the development and production of the process which he renamed Fairchild Duramold and then used on the AT-21 Gunner trainer. Shortly thereafter the U.S. Army ordered 20 additional Fairchild cameras and selected it as the standard for aerial cameras. During the 1960s Fairchild went through a series of changes and acquisition. Selon Sherman Fairchild, Noyce présentation passionnée de sa vision était la raison pour laquelle il a accepté de créer la division semi-conducteurs. [7] Due to his ongoing medical problems, Fairchild did not earn a degree from any of these schools. To accommodate this growing commercial demand for aerial surveys; Fairchild established Fairchild Aerial Surveys in the United States. In addition to photography, aviation and electronics, he was also a successful entrepreneur in photoengraving and sound recording. Fairchild was the only son and heir of George Winthrop Fairchild, the longtime chairman of IBM. 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