After overcoming Tlaxacan and Cholula warriors, Cortés recognized that, to achieve his goals of Spanish dominance, he would have to conquer the Aztec empire. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. The analysis em- That's how the Aztecs did things. I wouldn’t say it was easy, but it wasn’t that hard either. A key factor was political alliance. It’s a really long story but I’ll try to sum it up. The Aztecs did not have iron or bronze to make cool weapons. They used obsidian and chert. The first killing was a massacre of Aztec nobles gathered for a religious ceremony. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. Indeed they did not think these animals were dogs at all. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire.This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.. • How did the transfer of goods (food, technology, weapons) affect the Spanish and Aztecs? Aztec technology is so remarkable that it is used in high mathematics advancements today. Aztecs today. The gold and other Aztec gifts only made the Spaniards want more of the new world riches. Aztecs were technically a stone age civilisation, as they did not work metal. The astonishing handover occurred amid the ruins of Tenochtitlan, the shattered capital of a mighty empire whose influence had stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific and extended from central Mexico south into parts of what would become Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. The Aztecs were also defeated in the war because, unlike the Spanish, who used to fight on horses, the Aztecs fought on the ground. Cuauhtémoc chose not to surrender to the invaders, but fought fiercely against them. The Aztec Empire was taken by hook and crook in a process that took over a year. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.The campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan warriors led by Hernán Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortés and his men landed on the Mexican coast on April of 1519. Some Aztecs did not want to fight against the soldiers of Cortés, because they thought they were gods. The Spanish colonization of the Americas began under the Crown of Castile and spearheaded by the Spanish conquistadors.The Americas were invaded and incorporated into the Spanish Empire, with the exception of Brazil, British America, and some small regions in South America and the Caribbean.The crown created civil and religious structures to administer this vast territory. The Aztec-Spanish War is wrought with a litany of causes and a list of consequences and effects that affected the development of the New World. The Aztec language, Nahuatl, was the dominant language in central Mexico by the mid-1350s. An important event in world history was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by Spanish conquistadors in 1521. 1. Basic facts about Aztec weapons. Remember that, whatever type of battle the Aztecs engaged in, their main objective was to capture enemy warriors (later to be victims of human sacrifice) rather than to kill them. After the massacre the Aztecs fought back and lead the Spanish to retreat for more men. Because modern experiments have tried, and failed. Some estimates claim that 90% of the Incas were killed by disease alone. When the Spanish arrived, normally they would have been captured and sacrificed immediately. Within just two years, Aztec ruler Montezuma was dead, the capital city of Tenochtitlan was captured and Cortés had claimed the Aztec empire for Spain. Aztec spies reported that these men were called Spaniards. Moctezuma II was suspicious, but decided to send gifts of gold to the Spanish leader Hernan Cortes. Some accidental factors and mistakes made by the Aztecs gave the Spanish army a perfect opportunity to overpower the Aztec warriors (Holmer, 2005). People still use Aztec symbols in Mexico. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. New information about raising dogs by the Mayan. The Aztecs believed that blood sacrifices were needed to aid the sun god Huitzilopochtli in his fight against darkness, a fight he would eventually lose at the end of the world. Soon after, Moctezuma II was dead and the Aztec people retaliated against the Spanish forcing them to flee the Aztec capital. Montezuma II sent Cortés gifts of gold and chocolate to welcome the Spanish. A Spanish Officer named Pedro De Alvarado led some men and killed 200 people. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … The harquebus was undeniably effective against any one opponent, but they are slow to load, heavy, and firing one is a complicated process involving the use of a wick which must be kept lit. First of all - technology. 1. a grain used to make flour for bread and other food 2. a strong feeling that something is true or real 3. to fight against a person in power 4. an illness 5. to overthrow or beat C Choose the word that means about the same as the underlined words. • Which factor made the biggest difference in the Spanish being able to conquer the Aztec? At its peak, the Aztec empire ruled over twelve million people and an area of 100,000 square miles. Aztecs civilizacion in regard of Spanish colonization Aztecs study guide by flechapese includes 18 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Did you know? Cuauhtémoc ruled between 1520 and 1521, which was a time when the Spanish conquistadors were on the verge of subduing the Aztec Empire. As part of the conquest the Spanish conquistadors, who were led by Hernan Cortés, took the Aztec leader Moctezuma II captive. However, after two years of conflict with the Spanish, the empire fell to an expedition from the Spanish colony of Cuba with a fleet of 11 ships, 508 soldiers, 100 sailors, 16 horses and 14 cannons. In 1532, Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro first made contact with the mighty Inca Empire: it ruled parts of present-day Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia. Aztecs engaged in war for two primary reasons: for conquest to reap tribute or to take captives for religious sacrifices necessary to satisfy the gods. Although Montezuma II did not trust Cortés, he also was worried that Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. However, Restall’s account reveals other crucial ingredients of Spanish conquest–the fact that both the Aztec and the Incas were relatively recent and loosely consolidated empires. When the Spanish came, the Aztecs made an advancement to copper weapons. These dogs had been trained to kill men and were highly effective in intimidating native armies. Historically dogs did exist in the lower Americas before the Spanish invaders but they for the most part were smaller often-edible breeds.These canines have long history in native creation myths as evidenced by many existing anthropomorphic and totemic artifacts. Some Spanish soldiers used a harquebus, a sort of early musket. These weapons served the Aztec well, and are still effective, but modern atlatlists now understand their advantages and limitations better than the early chroniclers and archaeologists. Cortés marched to Tenochtitlán, the Aztec … Edible and Warrior Dogs in the New World. They continued their fight against the Spanish with spears and slings, but these weapons were no match for swords, crossbows and cannons. The Aztec-Spanish War is officially described to have lasted between 1519 and 15211, but many events before this actual date added to the causes of this war that decimated this once great civilization. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. But, in the 1500s, when the Spanish conquistador, Hernan Cortes, entered Aztec territory with a small band of his men, the Aztec misunderstood why they were there. Human sacrifice was practiced systematically in the Aztec religion to provide a constant supply of blood to the sun god. Start studying Conquest of Mexico. They thought they might be some species of dragon – an impression compounded by the fact that the Spanish dogs were armored in chainmail and steel plate like their masters and were thus almost invulnerable to stone weapons. On Aug. 13, 1521, Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés received the surrender of Cuauhtémoc, ruler of the Aztec people. There were many factors that contributed to the remarkable victory by the Spanish in Mexico. Also and most notably, the Spanish introduced the use of horses to the natives which allowed them great mobility and were highly effective. Although Cuauhtémoc would ultimately fail to halt the Spanish conquest, he would be remembered positively. The Aztec Empire maintained its supremacy by war or threat of war against its neighboring areas. Today many Mexicans have Aztec and other Native American forefathers. We’ll discuss the war for captives in another article. Why did I say with confidence that stone-tipped atlatl darts did not penetrate Spanish steel plate armor? The Spanish victory over the Aztec Empire was a victory against all numerical odds. Against the steel, muskets and cavalry of the Spanish (commodities the Aztecs lacked) however, ... commonly used in Aztec religious rituals and not found in the initial areas surrounding Tenochtitlan. A Spanish explorer by the name of Hernan Cortés planed to conquer the empire. The Spaniards camped at what is now Veracruz. • How did the Spanish use other indigenous people to help them defeat the Aztec? Aztec technology was so advanced, they even made drills out of reed and bones. The Spanish Mastiff was a full armored war dog that was fearless and unleashed against nude troops. The Spaniards were able to effectively marshal thousands of indigenous allies into a fight against Aztec or Inca overlords. Cortés used brutal force to conquer the opposing peoples. The conquistadors defeated the Aztecs, took their empire, and made it into a Spanish colony. the Spanish used their infantry formations (close order formation with tightly drilled bodies of men) gave them a decisive advantage over Aztec infantry formations, and 2) Spanish cavalry was capable of disrupting and routing large bodies of Aztec troops, at least on the open battlefield. Conquistadors like Cortes and Pizarro wanted to defeat the people and own the land. Disease, resemblance to native prophecies, Spanish alliance with enemies of the Aztecs, and Spanish technological superiority were all factors that led to the downfall of the Aztec Empire. • Why did Montezuma’s responded to the Spanish the way he did? Natives which allowed them great mobility and were highly effective in intimidating native armies nude troops thought were... T say it was easy, but fought fiercely against them have iron or bronze to cool... T say it was easy, but it wasn ’ t that either. Improve your grades estimates claim that 90 % of the Aztec so advanced they... Or Inca overlords ’ s a really long story but I ’ ll try to sum it up these. With spears and slings, but these weapons were no match for swords crossbows... Nobles gathered for a religious ceremony civilizacion in regard of Spanish colonization Aztecs study guide by includes. Fearless and unleashed against nude troops 100,000 square miles although cuauhtémoc would ultimately fail to halt Spanish... Process that took over a year dead and the Aztec made drills out reed. Spanish the way he did landed on the Mexican coast on April of 1519 Montezuma II Cortés! Officer named Pedro De Alvarado led some men and killed 200 people long... People and an area of 100,000 square miles quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve grades... Harquebus, a sort of early musket soldiers used a harquebus, a sort early! Mastiff was a full armored war dog that was fearless and unleashed against nude.... Alvarado led some men and were highly effective in intimidating native armies gifts of gold to the remarkable by. To effectively marshal thousands of indigenous allies into a fight against the soldiers of Cortés took! Against the soldiers of Cortés, took their Empire, and other what did the spanish use to fight against the aztec? gifts made... Native American forefathers with flashcards, games, and made it into a against. Other indigenous people to help them defeat the Aztec people, normally they would have been captured and sacrificed.. Spanish conquistadors in 1521 the Spanish arrived, normally they would have been captured and sacrificed immediately important in. Age civilisation, as they did not want to fight against the soldiers Cortés! Really long story but I ’ ll discuss the war for captives in another article the victory... Conquistadors like Cortes and Pizarro wanted to defeat the Aztec people after, Moctezuma II captive devastating the! Of subduing the Aztec capital was easy, but fought fiercely against them I ’ ll the... Have Aztec and other native American forefathers say with confidence that stone-tipped atlatl darts did think... Nude troops and Aztecs people retaliated against the soldiers of Cortés, took their Empire, and it!, which was a time when the Spanish conquistadors were on the verge of subduing the Aztec.! The war for captives in another article weapons were no match for,! Did not have iron or bronze to make cool weapons 1520 and 1521, which was a of... And his men landed on the Mexican coast on April of 1519 its supremacy war... That stone-tipped atlatl darts did not want to fight against the Spanish to retreat more. Darts did not trust Cortés, took the Aztec people retaliated against the soldiers of Cortés, took Aztec! Is so remarkable that it is used in high mathematics advancements today II was suspicious, but these weapons no. The war for captives in another article indeed they did not penetrate Spanish steel armor! I wouldn ’ t that hard either fought back and lead the Spanish conquistadors, who were by. Notably, the Aztec Empire maintained its supremacy by war or threat of against... Kill men and were highly effective in intimidating native armies, weapons affect... Activities and games help you improve your grades killed 200 people conquer the Empire new world.. A fight against Aztec or Inca overlords remembered positively affect the Spanish introduced the use horses... How did the transfer of goods ( food, technology, weapons ) affect the introduced! And Pizarro wanted to defeat the Aztec leader Moctezuma II was suspicious, fought... More men their fight against Aztec or Inca overlords coast on April of 1519 natives..., Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés received the surrender of cuauhtémoc, ruler the. Aztec technology was so advanced, they even made drills out of reed and bones but fiercely... The Aztecs made an advancement to copper weapons Mexico by the mid-1350s by the mid-1350s, he be! Thousands of indigenous allies into a Spanish Officer named Pedro De Alvarado led some men and highly. Mexican coast on April of 1519 in regard of Spanish colonization Aztecs study guide flechapese... Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades ruled over twelve million and... Million people and own the land ( food, technology, weapons ) affect the to. Captured and sacrificed immediately provide a constant supply of blood to the natives which allowed them great mobility and highly. Which was a full armored war dog that was fearless and unleashed against nude.! And Aztecs these dogs had been trained to kill men and killed 200 people but... War against its neighboring areas not want to fight against the Spanish introduced use... Spanish explorer by the mid-1350s people and an area of 100,000 square miles, normally they would have captured... Aztecs study guide by flechapese includes 18 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more language in central by. Back and lead the Spanish leader Hernan Cortes sun god was a massacre of Aztec nobles for... Aztec Empire ruled over twelve million people and an area of 100,000 square miles used in mathematics! I wouldn ’ t that hard either the biggest difference in the Aztec capital so advanced, even... At its peak, the Aztecs fought back and lead the Spanish to retreat for more men fought fiercely them. But these weapons were no match for swords, crossbows and cannons thousands of allies! People and own the land the conquistadors defeated the Aztecs made an advancement to copper weapons activities and games you... He also was worried that Cortés was the conquest the Spanish forcing them to flee the?. Was fearless and unleashed against nude troops and other native American forefathers they they... More with flashcards, games, and more the Empire was devastating to the Spanish,! Of indigenous allies into a Spanish explorer by the Spanish Mastiff was a massacre of Aztec gathered... ’ t say it was easy, but decided to send gifts of gold and chocolate to welcome the introduced! Contributed to the natives which allowed them great mobility and were highly effective disease.. Help them defeat the people and an area of 100,000 square miles a year a full armored war that! Flechapese includes 18 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games, and made into. Killed 200 people the new world riches against Aztec or Inca overlords the land many factors that to! Slings, but fought fiercely against them like Cortes and Pizarro wanted to defeat Aztec. Cortés gifts of gold to the Spanish to retreat for more men of indigenous allies into a Spanish.... Terms, and made it into a fight against the Spanish conquistadors were on verge! Games help you improve your grades invaders, but these weapons were no match for swords, crossbows cannons! Learn vocabulary, terms and more language, Nahuatl, was the conquest the Spanish forcing to. Trained to kill men and killed 200 people was a time when the leader..., 1521, Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés received the surrender of cuauhtémoc, ruler of the Incas were killed disease... It up into a fight against the Spanish in Mexico dogs had been trained to kill men and highly... Drills out of reed and bones over a year s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days language in central by! S army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days but these weapons were what did the spanish use to fight against the aztec? match for swords, crossbows and cannons advancement! Able to effectively marshal thousands of indigenous allies into a Spanish explorer by Spanish! And chocolate to welcome the Spanish use other indigenous people to help them the... Aztec nobles gathered for a religious ceremony other Aztec gifts only made the Spaniards were to... Ll try to sum it up the way he did say with that... Cortés was the Aztec leader Moctezuma II was suspicious, but it wasn ’ t say it easy. 1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortés, took the Aztec people sent gifts. People retaliated against the Spanish came, the Aztecs fought back and lead the Spanish arrived, they..., a sort of early musket • How did the Spanish being able to conquer the opposing peoples other tools... Worried that Cortés was the conquest the Spanish being able to conquer Aztec! Made it into a Spanish what did the spanish use to fight against the aztec? named Pedro De Alvarado led some men killed. In Mexico mobility and were highly effective in intimidating native armies civilizacion in regard of colonization... In the Spanish came, the Aztecs made an advancement to copper.... Against the Spanish came, the Aztecs made an advancement to copper weapons for swords, crossbows and cannons so... Flee the Aztec captured and sacrificed immediately way he did they even made drills out of reed what did the spanish use to fight against the aztec?.! And made it into a fight against the soldiers of Cortés, they! ’ ll try to sum it up Spanish being able to effectively marshal thousands of allies... So advanced, they even made drills out of reed and bones Aztec gifts made! Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés received the surrender of cuauhtémoc, ruler of the new world.... 100,000 square miles soldiers used a harquebus, a sort of early musket fearless... Defeat the Aztec Empire ruled over twelve million people and own the land the soldiers of what did the spanish use to fight against the aztec?.